Another great article….
This is a brilliant article I found on the internet…
Can not resist myself quoting at length from it……

”    This claim is remarkable, but not dissimilar to that remarkable claim of
OS/FS (particularly open source) advocates—that openness results in the
creation of better software. Merton here claims as much for science. The
incentive to produce science depends on the public recognition of prior-
ity. The systems involved in making this property stick to its owner are
reliable publishing, evaluation, transmission, dissemination, and ulti-
mately, the archiving of scientific papers, equations, technologies, and
data. As stated previously, this priority is inalienable: when it enters this
system of registration, it is there for good, dislodged only in the case of
undiscovered priority or hidden fraud. It is not alienable intellectual prop-
erty, but constant; irretrievably and forever after granted. Only long after
the fact can diligent historians dislodge it.
Who grants this property? The key is in Merton’s paradox: “the more
widely scientists make their intellectual property available to others, the
more securely it becomes identified as their property” (Garfield 1979, vii).
That is, no one (or everyone) grants it. The wider the network of people
who know that Boyle is responsible for demonstrating that under a con-
stant temperature gas will compress as pressure is increased, the more
impossible it becomes to usurp. Only by having a public science in this
sense is that kind of lasting property possible. A privatized science, on the
other hand, must eternally defend its property with the threat of force, or
worse, of litigation. While a public science tends toward ever greater cir-
culation of information in order to assure compensation in reputation, a
private science must develop ever more elaborate rules and technologies
for defining information and circumscribing its use. Not only is a private
science inefficient; it also sacrifices the one thing that a public science
promises: progress. “


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